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Risk Factors and Oral Diseases

Sugars and dental caries

Free sugars are the essential dietary factor in the development of dental caries because dental caries does not occur in the absence of dietary sugars. Dental caries develops when bacteria in the mouth metabolize sugars to produce acid that demineralizes the hard tissues of the teeth (enamel and dentine). WHO guidelines recommends adults and children to reduce their daily intake of free sugars to less than 10% of their total energy intake.

Read more: Sugar and caries WHO report 2017

Global Sugar Consumption Data

Data on per capita consumption of sugar, global confectionary market and intake of sweets and soft drinks is presented. 

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The Mutans Streptococcimutans streptococci e

Streptococcus Mutans and Streptococcus Sobrinus have a central role in the etiology of dental caries. S. Mutans are strong acid producers and cause an acidic environment creating the risk for dental caries. Colony morphology of some of the 'mutans group' bacterial strains are presented.

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Oral cancer, precancer and periodontal disease occurs much more frequently in smokers than in non smokers. Information on tobacco use and its effects on oral health.

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Oral diseasesmelanosis1

Oral cancer data and presentation on some oral diseases.

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Last updated by Marie Nordström