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HIV & AIDS


HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS | HIV |
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME | AIDS |

Demographic and clinical characteristics at baseline of 600 HIV-positive South Africans (1993-96)*

    Characteristics Patients    

Gender
       Men
       Women


380 (63.3%)
220 (36.7%)

Age (mean) in years

32.9 (18.64%)

Route of transmission
       Sexual contact
       Blood transfusion
       Intravenous drug use
       Unknown


522 (87.0%)
5 (0.9%)
5 (0.9%)
68 (11.3%)

Sexual orientation
       Heterosexual
       Homosexual
       Bisexual


431 (72.3%)
112 (18.8%)
53 (8.9%)

Ethnicity
       Black
       Coloured (persons of mixed descent)
       White


290 (48.3%)
223 (37.2%)
87 (14.5%)

* Six hundred adult HIV-infected patients were examined in the greater Cape Town area in 1993-96. Combined candidal lesions were evident in 37.8%, hairy leukoplakia in 19.7% and combined gingival/periodontal lesions in 8.5% of patients seen. Less common lesions were oral ulceration (2.9%) and kaposi's sarcoma (1.5).

Source: Arendorf TM. et al. Oral manifestations of HIV infection in 600 South African patients. J Oral Pathol Med 1998; 27: 176-179.

      More information on the Oral manifestation of HIV/AIDS
Prevalence of oral manifestations in 600 HIV-infected patients
(many had multiple oral lesions) (1998)*
      Type n %
Any oral disease 362 60.4
1.

Pseudomembranous candidosis

94 15.7
2.

Erythematous candidosis

93 15.5
3.

Angular cheilitis

40 6.7
1-3.

Combined candidal lesions

227 37.8
4.

Oral hairy leukoplakia

118 19.7
5.

Linear gingival erythema

25 4.2
6.

Necrotising gingivitis

8 1.3
7.

Necrotising periodontitis

18 3.0
5-7.

Combined gingival/periodontal lesions

51 8.5
8.

Oral ulceration (recurrent and non-recurrent)

17 2.9
9.

Kaposi's sarcoma

9 1.5
10.

Salivary gland enlargement

5 0.8
11.

Melannotic hyperpigmentation

5 0.8
12.

Herpes simplex infection

3 0.5
13.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

3 0.5
14.

Focal epithelial hyperplasia

2 0.4
15.

Other lesions

7 1.2

* Six hundred adult HIV-infected patients were examined in the greater Cape Town area in 1993-96. Combined candidal lesions were evident in 37.8%, hairy leukoplakia in 19.7% and combined gingival/periodontal lesions in 8.5% of patients seen. Less common lesions were oral ulceration (2.9%) and kaposi's sarcoma (1.5).

      Source: Arendorf TM. et al. Oral manifestations of HIV infection in 600 South African patients. J Oral Pathol Med 1998; 27: 176-179.

      More information on the Oral manifestation of HIV/AIDS
Last updated by Gisela Ladda Tayanin