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GPS seminar november 1

Spreading the norm of open borders in the Baltic Sea Region


Martin Kerntopf 

(PhD candidate, International Research Training Group “Baltic Borderlands”, University of Greifswald, Germany; co-supervised by Prof. Bo Petersson, GPS)

Discussant: Michael Strange 

(Associate professor, GPS) 

Borders are a reoccurring subject of change and conflict as the current EU migration crisis or the beginnings of Brexit negotiations show. This study seeks to explain if and to what extend regional IGOs can influence the border configuration of their member states and which processes are involved. Drawing on contemporary border studies, organizational studies, and constructivism, borders are theorized as norm dependent processes of varying permeability. These can create shifting networks of inclusion and exclusion. The norms responsible for border transformation are distributed by states, IGOs, and groups on the trans- and subnational level. As IGOs operate increasingly independent, the question arises to what extend border configurations are influ- enced by them. This study assesses the influence of IGO distributed norms and their impact in regard to heightened economic permeability of borders among the Baltic Sea States. Methodologically, the case study focusses on a dyadic state comparison in a time-frame from 1967 to 2015 and the impact of norms being diffused by the different regional IGOs like the European Union, the Baltic Assembly, the Nordic Council, and the Council of the Baltic Sea States. The empirical analysis draws on economic import and export data and the normative content of multilateral agreements related to borders.

Information on Martin Kerntopf’s research is available at: https://greifswald.academia.edu/MartinKerntopf

Senast uppdaterad av Johanna Svensson