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National-populist parties in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland

Ideological transformations, organizational development and mainstream reactions. A comparison of populist parties in four Nordic countries /National-populist parties in Sweden, Denmark, Norway and Finland

Funding: Nordiska samarbetsnämnden för humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning, NOS-HS (2013-2015)

Participants:
Anders Hellström, project leader, PhD in Political Science, MIM, Malmö University, anders.hellstrom@mah.se
Ann-Cathrine Jungar, Associate professor at Södertörn university and Director of Studies of BEEGS (Baltic and East European Graduate School),ann-cathrine.jungar@sh.se
Susi Meret, Assistant Professor, Department of Culture and Global Studies, CoMID – Center for the Study of Migration and Diversity, Aalborg University,meret@cgs.aau.dk
Elisabeth Ivarsflaten, Associate Professor, European Politics Department of Comparative Politics, University of Bergen, Elisabeth.Ivarsflaten@isp.uib.no
Lars Erik Berntzen, Research assistant, University of Bergen, lars.erik.berntzen@gmail.com
Anders Rapvik Jupskås, Lecturer, Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, a.r.jupskas@stv.uio.no 


This project calls attention to the rise of nationalist-populist parties in Sweden (the Sweden Democrats), Denmark (The Danish People’s Party), Norway (The Progress Party) and Finland (The True Finns). Our main research question is: how can we explain similarities and differences in terms of electoral support, policy influence and governmental experience between these parties? In order to answer this question, we focus on supply-side factors rather than merely focusing on the demand for anti-immigration parties. Firstly, we analyze the ideological transformations of these parties over time to discern to what extent they have converged in terms of influence, policy positioning and political rhetoric. Secondly, we focus on organizational development; hence, the internal life of the parties by means of analyses of party statues and surveys among the middle-level party elite. Thirdly, we analyze the mainstream reactions to the development of these parties, ranging along a continuum from repressive to permissive of different political opportunity structures. This project involves contextualized comparisons over time, situated between the large N studies and single case studies. Our project contributes with comparative knowledge on how, why and when popular attitudes towards the out-group population transmute into party-political preferences in four, socio-economically similar countries.

En jämförelse av populistiska partier i fyra nordiska länder

Nationalistiska och populistiska partier har haft stora framgångar under de senaste åren, inte minst i de nordiska länderna. Tillsammans med Södertörns högskola, Universitetet i Bergen och Universitetet i Ålborg genomför Anders Hellström en jämförande studie av populistiska partier i Norden.

I projektet är huvudfrågorna likheter och skillnader i politik och organisation samt inflytande och regeringserfarenhet mellan Sverigedemokraterna i Sverige, Dansk Folkeparti i Danmark, Framstegspartiet i Norge och Sannfinländarna i Finland. Dessutom studeras de populistiska partiernas eventuella påverkan på övriga partier.

Last updated by Amanda Malmquist