Daily encounters at the border: reception in the EU and irregular migrants arriving by sea
||Scientific Advisors: Professor Maja Povrzanovic Frykman, Department of Global Political Studies, Malmo University, Professor Anna Triandafyllidou, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies and European University Institute. Florence
||Global Governance Programme, Robert Schuman Cetnre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence
||COFAS, Marie Curie Forte Outgoing International Fellowship
||2016-01-01 -- 2019-12-31
||Malmö Institute for Studies of Migration, Diversity and Welfare
||Faculty of Culture and Society, Global Political Studies, Faculty of Culture and Society
Alongside the increase in EU border control, there are efforts by the European Union (EU) and its Member States to mainstream human rights principles in external border control and in the construction of fair asylum systems. The safeguarding of human rights is important for migrants. The responsibility for ensuring that the dignity and human rights of the migrants are safeguarded is recognised by the EU and its Member States. This accounts for the great investment in the mainstreaming of human rights principles in all areas of border activity. Reception activity is officially regulated by four sets of policies and procedures, which are usually conducted within a few days or weeks. These are rescue at sea, immigration, reception/detention and asylum procedures. They are policies that involve a vast range of stakeholders and, as such, the complex interactions between their activities need to be carefully managed in order for the whole reception system to function.
Research has so far focused on the analysis of policy and institutions, but not so much on what happens on the ground. This project proposes to contribute to these efforts by examining the reception of irregular migrants in Italy, Malta and Greece, which lie on the two most important routes for irregular entry into the EU - the Central Mediterranean Maritime Route and the Eastern Mediterranean Maritime route.
This study aims to produce ethnographic descriptions of the everyday implementation of the reception activity on the ground. This is done through interviews and observation of the interaction between a) state officials, EU officials, and NGOs who are responsible for implementing of detection, rescue, registration, detention and information, and b) the migrants who reach European shores with their cultural practices, expectations and their perception of what the EU stands for and their needs.
The outcome of this independent academic project, funded by EU Marie Curie research funds, is the publication of articles on the anthropology of migration in academic journals.