Utskrift från Malmö högskolas webbplats www.mah.se

Local Publics in the Making

Kontaktperson: Mattias Kärrholm
Ansvarig: Mattias Kärrholm
Medarbetare: Jesper Magnusson
Finansiär: Formas
Tidsram: 2011-01-01 -- 2015-03-31
Forskningsprofil: Urbana studier
Fakultet/institution: Kultur och samhälle, Urbana studier
Ämne: Samhällsvetenskap

During the last decades, large retail parks, new infrastructure and large-scale urban development projects have led to a recession of local public spaces. Retail stores and retail areas have become larger and concentrated to large retail parks, whereas the number of retailers has decreased. As urban retail and civil services relocate themselves according to a regional logic, small municipalities and local city districts find themselves with a diminishing service sector and a car-dependent population. As the important places of our everyday lives relocate and concentrate to a few hot spots, a lot of small social places such as local stores, neighbourhood centres, etc., are deteriorating or disappearing altogether. At some places (e.g. Lund), municipalities have started to refurnish and renovate existing local squares, but this effort does not seem to be enough, as localities have ceased to concentrate themselves just to old neighbourhood centres (if they ever did). Instead new local public domains are established all over the urban landscape (Hajer & Reijndorp 2001), in cellars, at skate parks, car boot sales (Gregson et. al. 2002) and football tournaments (Olsson 2008). This is further promoted by the proliferation of new media and technology such as cell phones (Wikström 2009), social media, etc. What we need today is to get a more profound understanding of how, where and why important local public spaces are produced, and how we can support them in an architecturally more sophisticated, innovative and contemporary manner than through the neighbourhood community centres advocated by modernists. In fact, the sub-centre solution is still kept alive by, for example, new urbanists and sustainable planners focused on transit-oriented nodes, etc. The geographical logic of local public spaces has, however, been transformed as the city has turned into a regional urban landscape with an ever-increasing proliferation of both local and global connections, creating a whole set of new challenges to architecture and urban design: how do we support resilient local spaces through architectural design?

Senast uppdaterad av Magnus Jando