Governing private provision of public space: developing governance models and urban design that ensure inclusive, democratic public space
||Gro Sandkjaer Hanssen
||Peter Parker, The project will be conducted by the Norwegian Institute for Urban, Regional research, the Norwegian University of Life Sciences, in collaboration with international research partners from University College London and Copenhagen Universi
||Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional Research
||Norwegian Research Council
||2016-04-01 -- 2019-06-30
||Faculty of Culture and Society, Urban studies
The main objective of the project is to enquire; How can governance models and urban design ensure inclusive and democratic public space? The objective is addressed from inter-disciplinary and international perspectives. The challenges of the new practise of private provision of public space are studied through the lenses of law, political science, political theory, architecture, criminology and human geography, and by a comparative, cross-national scope.
To address the project’s objective targeting how governance models and urban design can ensure inclusive and democratic public space, the following research questions are formulated:
• What are the factors that constitute democratic and inclusive urban public spaces?
• How can these factors be enhanced or obstructed by institutional settings, planning processes, citizen participation, urban design and spatial management practices?
We consider the combined uses of different perspectives to be a prerequisite for the substantial understanding and explanation of the relations between governance, development of public space and their democratic outcomes.
The project aims to extend the democracy discussion so it encompasses planning processes, negotiations and agreements in public-private partnerships, and their outcomes in public space. A central approach in this project is therefore to study the challenges of new governance from a juridical perspective, focusing on the legal framework where the private law (property rights) meets public law (PBL). Analyses of contemporary practices of development and management agreements will increase the understanding of how legal frameworks and assent can contribute to public access by regulation. Moreover, lack of knowledge about the legal frames for regulating universal access to public space can give plans unintended effects on inhabitant’s rights to use the city. Thus, juridical analyses will help to clarify requirements and limitations in law and regulations. The new governance models will also be studied from a political science perspective, focusing on the possibility for steering new public-private partnerships, and also on how openness and citizen involvement can be ensured.