Utskrift från Malmö högskolas webbplats www.mah.se

Cultural competence among nursing educators and nursing students to meet the health and care needs of refugees in Sweden

Contact person: Katarina Sjögren Forss
Responsible: Katarina Sjögren Forss
Funding: Malmö högskola
Timeframe: 2016-09-01 -- 2018-09-01
Faculty/Department: Faculty of Health and Society, The Department of Care Science

The Swedish health care system are at present facing multiple unprecedented challenges. One of the most emergent and acute is the general lack of readiness to handle and understand the health and care needs of the refugees that has come to Sweden during the last years. Health is a key component for the possibilities for refugees to integrate themselves in the society as well as on the labour market. Various factors, i.e. country of birth, level of ability to communicate in English, community capital, stage in the life course and each individual’s balance of protective and risk factors affect the health status and puts huge demands on health care professionals who meet the refugees in different situations.

For health care professionals to be able to deliver a competent and effective care to refugees, more knowledge of how to meet and address their health and care needs is urgently warranted. Cultural competence has been found to be an important factor in rendering effective and culturally responsive care to individuals from different culturally and ethnically backgrounds. During the last decades, it has become a current term in nursing that has been given much attention. If, as the literature has stated, cultural competence is so important in nursing, then schools of nursing must introduce the concept early in their educations and also make sure that the students have attained the concept. Nurse educators have the potential to influence nursing students' understandings of cultural competence, however, the concept is complex and multidimensional which makes it hard to define what it involves and how to teach it. Studies that have examined the cultural competence of nurse educators revealed a lack of confidence in teaching the concept and also that both directives as well as guidelines concerning cultural competence were unclear. Studies in the field are sparse and more research is needed.

This study is inspired by the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, how to define, evaluate, and implement complex interventions. The research will be done with mixed methods and will be performed in two phases. The first phase will consist of a review of the literature aiming to identify what already is known about nursing students as well as nursing educators’ experiences of cultural competence in nursing education. According to the findings from the literature review, a follow up study will be performed and research questions will be formulated. This will be the second phase of the study. This second phase will consist of semi structured interviews with nursing students and nursing educators from different universities in Sweden about their experiences about cultural competence in nursing education and their knowledge and needs for providing a cultural competent care to meet the health and care needs among refugees in Sweden.

 

Beskrivning på svenska

The Swedish health care system are at present facing multiple unprecedented challenges. One of the most emergent and acute is the general lack of readiness to handle and understand the health and care needs of the refugees that has come to Sweden during the last years. Health is a key component for the possibilities for refugees to integrate themselves in the society as well as on the labour market. Various factors, i.e. country of birth, level of ability to communicate in English, community capital, stage in the life course and each individual’s balance of protective and risk factors affect the health status and puts huge demands on health care professionals who meet the refugees in different situations.

For health care professionals to be able to deliver a competent and effective care to refugees, more knowledge of how to meet and address their health and care needs is urgently warranted. Cultural competence has been found to be an important factor in rendering effective and culturally responsive care to individuals from different culturally and ethnically backgrounds. During the last decades, it has become a current term in nursing that has been given much attention. If, as the literature has stated, cultural competence is so important in nursing, then schools of nursing must introduce the concept early in their educations and also make sure that the students have attained the concept. Nurse educators have the potential to influence nursing students' understandings of cultural competence, however, the concept is complex and multidimensional which makes it hard to define what it involves and how to teach it. Studies that have examined the cultural competence of nurse educators revealed a lack of confidence in teaching the concept and also that both directives as well as guidelines concerning cultural competence were unclear. Studies in the field are sparse and more research is needed.

This study is inspired by the Medical Research Council (MRC) framework, how to define, evaluate, and implement complex interventions. The research will be done with mixed methods and will be performed in two phases. The first phase will consist of a review of the literature aiming to identify what already is known about nursing students as well as nursing educators’ experiences of cultural competence in nursing education. According to the findings from the literature review, a follow up study will be performed and research questions will be formulated. This will be the second phase of the study. This second phase will consist of semi structured interviews with nursing students and nursing educators from different universities in Sweden about their experiences about cultural competence in nursing education and their knowledge and needs for providing a cultural competent care to meet the health and care needs among refugees in Sweden.

 

Senast uppdaterad av Magnus Jando