Chronotope: Time-Space Planning for Resilient Cities
||Katarina Nylund (MAH) and Paulina Prieto de la Fuente (MAH)
||University of Lisboa; University of Barcelona; University of Lisboa
||2011-01-01 -- 2014-08-30
||Faculty of Culture and Society, Urban studies
During the last decades we have witnessed an increased consumption in the Western countries as an industrial society slowly has been transformed into a society of consumption (Bauman 2007, Jayne 2006). Retail, an essential urban activity, has expanded into large retail parks and malls, and has also colonised the larger city centres (Kärrholm 2008). In this way, retail has become an increasingly important agency of change in processes of urbanisation, affecting everyday life, transports, car dependency, etc. (Miles & Miles 2006, Mc Morrough 2001). Researchers have often criticised this unholy marriage of urbanism and retail, but there have seldom been any suggestions on how to make these kinds of urban transformations more manageable. The discourse on sustainable planning and land use has, for example, been very concerned with sprawl, but the possibilities of actually working with this issue in planning have so far been quite deficient, sometimes just limited to efforts of densification. As urban contexts and landscapes become more complex we need new tools in order to accommodate for a more sustainable urban development. In this project we view physical planning from a time-space perspective that include aspects of synchronicity (con-temporality) and synchoricity (con-spatiality) in the development of integrative tools for a more elaborated time-space planning. The basic idea is that competent planning tools should be able to deal with connections in time as well as in space, and that this is an important pre-requisite towards a planning that could govern the re-integration of two increasingly segregated societal sectors: the civil society and the retail sector (commercial interests).
The aim of this project is thus to develop relevant planning tools and concepts that can facilitate the integration of spatial and temporal connections, especially when it comes to every day services. One of the main tasks here is to counter-act the growing divide between civil society and retail that seems to be following in the wake of the new consumption society.