ARIEL: Air Pollution Research in Local Environmental Planning
||Ebba Lisberg Jensen
||Lund University, Umeå University
||2016-08-29 -- 2018-12-31
||Faculty of Culture and Society, Urban studies
There are many advantages with a densely populated city, especially when it comes to sustainability, as transport needs can be reduced. However, a densely populated city could also lead to higher levels of air pollutants, if not planned wisely, as well as more people being exposed to them.
The purpose of this study is to investigate how scientific results regarding urban air pollution and health can be applied in sustainable urban planning. This will be done through examining how scientifically based knowledge on air pollution is translated into the everyday work of policymakers and urban planners, and how such translations can be supported by health impact assessment (HIA) scenario planning. The study will enhance knowledge about sustainable urban development, suggesting solutions on how to build a denser city without causing an increased health impact from air pollution.
The specific aims of the study are to:
- Create a clearer understanding of how scientific knowledge is translated into urban planning and how this knowledge is implemented in the everyday work and decision-making of policymakers and urban planners in the Malmö region.
- Develop health impact assessment (HIA) scenarios of air pollution in the Malmö region using GIS-modelling with an emphasis on; a) evaluating policy program points b) evaluating the effects of other incentives such as the densifying of the city (i.e. higher traffic density areas or lower traffic speed limits).
- Develop methods for scenario-based urban planning by collaborative methods, where the HIA-results of different policy program points are used, discussed and evaluated by policymakers and urban planners in the Malmö region.
The study is collaboration between researchers from the institutions of Urban Studies, Malmö University, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University and Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Umeå University. It also includes direct stakeholders, City of Malmö (both Environmental and Urban Planning Departments), and indirect stakeholders, ISU – Institute for Sustainable Urban Development a joint venture between The City of Malmö and Malmö University. With a transdisciplinary approach, the study will use theories and methods from human ecology, environmental medicine, organization theory and urban planning to create useful tools for the reduction of air pollution attributed health risks when planning densely populated urban areas.