Global Goals for the Year 2020
The FDI (represented by Drs Martin Hobdell and Newell Johnson), WHO (Dr Poul Erik Petersen) and the IADR (Dr John Clarkson) have presented the new goals for the year 2020. This document containing proposals for new Global Oral Health Goals, Objectives and Targets, useful as a framework for health planners at regional, national and local levels and are not intended to be prescriptive.
To minimise the impact of diseases of oral and craniofacial origin on health and psychosocial development, giving emphasis to promoting oral health and reducing oral disease amongst populations with the greatest burden of such conditions and diseases.
To minimise the impact of oral and craniofacial manifestations of systemic diseases on individuals and society, and to use these manifestations for early diagnosis, prevention and effective management of systemic diseases.
By the year 2020 the following will have been achieved over baseline:
(out of the 16 targets, some are presented here)
9. Dental caries
To increase the proportion of caries free 6-year-olds by X%.
To reduce the DMFT particularly the D component at age 12 years by X% with special attention to high-risk groups within populations, utilising both distributions and means.
To reduce the number of teeth extracted due to dental caries at ages 18, 35-44 and 65-74 years by X%.
11. Periodontal diseases
To reduce the number of teeth lost due to periodontal diseases by X% at ages 18, 35-44 and 65-74 years with special reference to smoking, poor oral hygiene, stress and inter-current systemic diseases.
To reduce the prevalence of necrotising forms of periodontal diseases by X% by reducing exposure to risk factors such as poor nutrition, stress and immuno-suppression.
To reduce the prevalence of active periodontal infection (with or without loss of attachment) in all ages by X%.
To increase the proportion of people in all ages with healthy periodontium (gums and supporting bone structure) by X%.
14. Tooth loss
To reduce the number of edentulous persons by X% at ages 35-44 and 65-74 years.
To increase the number of teeth present by X% at ages 18, 35-44 and 65-74 years.
To increase the number of individuals with functional dentitions (21 or more natural teeth) by X% at ages 35-44 and 65-74 years.
Hobdell M, Petersen PE, Clarkson J, Johnson N. Global goals for oral health 2020. Int Dent J. 2003; 53: 285-8.
Global Goals for the Year 2000
The WHO in its World Health Assembly adopted a resolution in 1979 calling for health for all by the year 2000. Subsequently in 1981 the WHO adopted as the first global indicator of oral health status an average of not more than 3 DMFT at the age of 12 by the year 2000. The following global goals were proposed for year 2000 by the WHO and FDI in 1981.
50 per cent of 5-6-year-olds will be caries free.
The global average will be no more than 3 DMF teeth at 12 years of age.
85 per cent of the population should retain all their teeth at the age of 18 years.
A 50 per cent reduction in present levels of edentulousness at the age of 35-44 years will be achieved.
A 25 per cent reduction in present levels of edentulousness at the age of 65 years and over will be achieved.
Global goals for oral health in the year 2000. FDI . Int Dent J 1982 ; 32: 74-77.