Utskrift från Malmö högskolas webbplats www.mah.se

Oral Health Manpower

 

Number of Different Oral Health Professionals
Category Total Number No./
Inhabitants
Year Source
Dentists 3 8103 1:7 415 2010 1)
Dental therapists/nurse1 2 5132 n.a. 2010 2)
Chairside assistants1 2 947 n.a. 2010 2)
Dental Laboratory Technicians1 746 n.a. 2010 2)

1 Ministry of Health figures only.
2 Treat school children 17 years and below.
3 Does not include informally trained "registered dentists".

1) Malaysian Dental Council, 2010
2) Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia 2010.
We thank Dr Yaw Siew Lian, Deputy Director, Oral Health Division, Ministry Of Health Malaysia for providing us with the above update for 2010.
n.a.= not available

Distribution of Dentists by Sex
% Female % Male Year Source
62.4 (2 377) 37.6 (1 433) 2004 1)


1) Malaysian Dental Council, 2010



Distribution of Dentist by Sex (2000-2010)
Year
Public
Private
Male
Female
Male
Female
2000 213 537 853 541
2005 304 886 919 634
2010 484 1 571 949 806

Source:Malaysian Dental Council, 2010


Dental Practitioner Distribution (1970-2007)

Number Year

Dental Practitioner Division I*

Registered Dentist Division II**

Source
Public Sector Private Sector (%) Total
1970 155 104 (40.2%) 259 359 1)
1975 373 132 (26.1%) 505 441 1)
1980 387 259 (40.1%) 646 365 1)
1985 561 480 (46.1%) 1,041 301 1)
1990 656 745 (53.2%) 1,401 236 1)
1995 748 993 (57.0%) 1,741 164 1)
2000 750 1,394 (65%) 2,144 101 1)
2005 1,190 1,485 (55.5%) 2,675 67 1)
2007 1,540 1,625 (51.3-1%) 3,165 49 1)
2010 2,055 1,755 3,810 n.a 2)


* Dental practitioner division I - formally trained university dental graduates
** Dental practitioner division II - informally trained practitioners known as "registered dentists" who have been practising prior to the Dental Act in 1971

1) Malaysian Dental Council, 2008
2) Malaysian Dental Council, 2010


Dentist: Population Ratio Malaysia (1970-2010)

Region/Year 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010

Peninsular Malaysia:
Population
Dentist
Ratio


8,819,928
259
1:34,186

11,188,100
592
1:18,899

14,667,000
1,289
1:11,379

17,670,092
1,967
8,983

22,434,100
3,437
1:6,527

Sabah:
Population
Dentist
Ratio


654,943
n.a.
n.a.

1,003,847
19
1:52,815

1,479,000
49
1:30,184

2,519 906
79
1:31,897

3,214,200
179
1:17,956

Sarawak:
Population
Dentist
Ratio


977,438
n.a.
n.a.

1,249,846
35
1:36,996

1,807,353
63
1:28,688

2,012,616
98
1:20,536

2,506,500
187
1:13,404

Fed. Territory of Labuan
Population
Dentist
Ratio


n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.6
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

95,500
7
1:13, 643

Malaysia:
Population
Dentist
Ratio


10,452,309
n.a.
n.a.

13,486,433
645
1:20,877

17,953,353
1,401
1:12,815

22,202,614
2,144
10,356

28,250,300
3,810
1:7,415
Source:
1) Malaysian Dental Council, 2008.
2) Population based on mid-year estimates from the Department of Statistics, Malaysia.


Dentist: Population Ratio By State (2007)

State Population (Mid-year) Dentist Dentist: Pop/Ratio

Perlis

226,200 13 1:17,400

Kedah

1,579,800 91 1:16,987

Penang

1,246,800 140 1:8,719

Perak

2,118,100 146 1:14,215

Selangor

3,188,700 351 1:9,490

Federal Territory of
Kuala Lumpur

1,407,200 428 1:3,391

Negri Sembilan

823,400 89 1:9,048

Malacca

593,200 55 1:9,887

Johor

2,670,700 213 1:12,480

Pahang

1,291,500 88 1:14,350

Terengganu

1,033,500 60 1:17,225

Kelantan

1,522,200 91 1:16,368

Federal Territory of Labuan

17,701,300 1,765 1:10,075

Sabah

2,970,400 72 1:39,605

Sarawak

2,027,100 79 1:24,423
Malaysia

22,698,800

1,916

1:11,847


Source:
1) Malaysian Dental Council, figure does not include informally trained “registered dentists”. Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health, 2008.
2) Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health, Malaysia 2008.


Trained Dental Personnel Ministry of Health Malaysia (1970-1999)

Type of Dental Personnel/Year 1970 1980 1990 1996 1999

Dental Officer

128* 368 576 660 708

Dental Nurse

302 655 1,105 1,288 1,552

Dental Technician**

82 190 346 380 482

Dental Surgery Assistant

310 761 889 1,005 1,170


* In 1970 all Dental Officers were in Peninsular Malaysia
** In 1999 "Dental Technicians" were re-designated "Dental Technologists"

Source: Dental Services Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2000.


Dental Specialists by Discipline Ministry of Health Malaysia (1999)

Dental Discipline

Number of Specialists

Oral Surgery

28

Orthodontics

26

Periodontology

5

Paediatric dentistry

7

Oral Medicine/Pathology

2

Public Health Dentistry

96

Total

164


Source: Dental Services Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2000.

Organisation Chart State Dental Service Ministry of Health Malaysia


TOTAL NUMBER OF DENTAL SPECIALIST BY DISCIPLINE
MINISTRY OF HEALTH MALAYSIA
(2000-2010)

Discipline 2000 2005 2010

Oral Surgery

32 33 53

Orthodontics

28 28 36

Periodontics

8 13 21

Paediatric Dentistry

8 16 30

Oral Pathology / Oral Medicine

2 4 9

Restorative Dentistry

0 3 16

Dental Public Health

102 120 124

Forensic Odontology

0 0 1

Special Needs Dentistry

0 0 2

Total

180 217 292


Source: Oral Health Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, 2010


Last updated by Gisela Ladda Tayanin